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  1. Almost half of the population of Kashmir Valley mentally ill, claims survey
  2. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The Kashmir Scenario
  3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – The Kashmir Scenario
  4. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – The Kashmir Scenario
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The number of patients visiting the Government Psychiatric Hospital in the year reached approximately one lakh, in comparison to when only patients attended. Children Affected : The Sri Maharaja Hari Hospital in Srinagar, founded in , receives patients per day, with the majority being young boys and girls. Despite the absence of research in relation to children, PTSD appears to be more common in this group. One of the criticisms is that, while basic needs are provided, psychological and emotional wellbeing is neglected in this group.

When they assume that they are getting pushed against the wall they get dominated by their emotions and stop caring for the consequences.

Young Kashmiris reflect the above referred psychological processes in more ways than one. Half —Widows : The second most commonly affected group are women. The unknown status of their husbands, according to local law means that they cannot claim widow benefits or property, and have to wait seven years before remarriage. Women scored significantly higher.

Almost half of the population of Kashmir Valley mentally ill, claims survey

Ideas of suicide were twice as high as in India. The main reason for problems appeared to be dependency on others for daily living, witnessing killing and torture, and a sense of powerlessness. Mental Health Services — Kashmir : Resources for mental health are scarce. Doctors work at a relatively high speed, constantly multi-tasking - each patient is reviewed in about three minutes with follow-up appointments.


Psychotherapeutic treatment such as counselling and cognitive behavioural therapy requires time, resources and manpower. Fortunately, manpower is slowly increasing.

In the year , there were only six psychiatrists in Kashmir, but this had increased to over 20 across the state by The central government identified the Psychiatric Diseases Hospital as a centre of excellence under the National Institute of Mental Health, with the aim of improving resources in the long term. Diagnosis by someone who has limited or no experience is dangerous, and can lead to serious and - on occasion - life threatening side-effects. She summarized the main problems in , when she told the media:. The thing that is most apparent is the lack of time each doctor has. Counselling or concept of therapies does not exist here.

The government solution has often been blanket medication of sedatives and anti-psychotics but what do you do with a whole society that is suffering from some form of PTSD. Healing Kashmir : Justine Hardy quickly recognized that a more integrated approach was required to manage this problem. In , Healing Kashmir brought professionals from the UK to train selected individuals in Kashmir in alternative therapies.

Over six weeks, patients were given between four and seven sessions that included counselling, homoeopathy, physiotherapy, cranio-sacral therapy and Reiki, with positive results. Hardy states that patients feel able to open up more freely to foreigners, and feel a great sense of support having been isolated for a great deal of time. The conflict resulted in mistrust, especially regarding disclosure of personal information. By Stage III of this project, they had expanded to include a suicide and mental trauma helpline, and an integrated mental health centre called Kashmir Lifeline.

The crisis helpline was developed with the assistance of Barbara Krieger, a senior multi-media producer and team leader at Swiss TV. Callers to the helpline have options of live online chat, email and being able to call on a toll-free number.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The Kashmir Scenario

The caller is also given the option of coming to their mental health centre or outreach centres for further treatment. Social stigma appeared to be a predominant factor preventing people — particularly women - from seeking assistance. Time magazine reported that many women were more comfortable seeking help from Sufi Spirituality instead of conventional medical support. An anonymous confidential phone-line was therefore required to enable people to speak in confidence. This phone-line has also been particularly effective in tackling the anger and frustration in the younger generation, which has, in some cases, resulted in an increased crime rate.

The phone-line concept has been effective in managing anger and problem solving emotional issues. Self Help Guide : This self—help guide should not replace medical advice. It is simply a short lifestyle advisory that may be useful in day to day living. It is vital to first learn about the condition so that symptoms can be rationalized. Everything in our day-to-day lives can affect our body physiology. The guide below suggests how the body can be trained to function in a better way.

Your life should be kept as normal as possible. Every effort must be made to keep to your normal routine.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – The Kashmir Scenario

You should try and attend college, university or work if at all possible. This may be discussed with your doctor. Your family members or friends can help you. You should be able to talk about what happened to them. Confiding in someone who cares about you is important. It also provides a way of reducing the burden of the issues you are worried about. Relatives may wish to know how they can help.

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This is some advice for them:. Discourage them from getting into a pattern of avoiding situations that remind them of the trauma. It is important to exercise regularly.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – The Kashmir Scenario

Studies have shown that exercise improves mood. This could be as simple as a 30 minute walk every day. Any exercise, including playing football or cricket, helps to improve mood. Kashmir has a lot of surrounding beautiful nature. Some research in the UK has shown that being out in nature helps to improve mood, and also reduces anxiety.

Young people might find it useful to go trekking with their friends. People who have mental health problems tend to neglect themselves by not eating or drinking properly. It is vital that the person suffering from low mood or anxiety is on a proper, healthy diet. Meals should be eaten three times a day, the most important being breakfast.

Regular healthy snacks should be eaten during the day. Failure to maintain your blood sugars, and neglecting food, will result in low mood and increasing anxiety.

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Some directions are as follows A chemical called Omega 3 is said to help mood. This is present in oily fish. It is best to include fish in your diet at least two to three times a week.

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Foods that contain good vitamins that help your mood are fortified whole-grain breakfast cereals, lentils, black-eyed peas, soybeans, oatmeal, mustard greens, beets, broccoli, sunflower seeds, wheat germ and oranges, shellfish clams, oysters, and crab , lean beef, cottage cheese, yogurt, milk and eggs.

It is very easy to become addicted to abusing illicit drugs. It was only made possible through a fruitful collaboration throughout the process. The survey covered 5, households in villages across all ten districts of the Kashmir Valley, and was complemented by a series of in-depth focus group discussions. The research summary underscores an urgent need to develop a comprehensive, integrated and decentralised mental health programme in the Kashmir Valley aiming at both, prevention and treatment.